Niger seed, scientifically known as Guizotia abyssinica (synonymous with Guizotia oleifera), is an oilseed crop cultivated primarily for its edible oil-rich seeds. Niger seed is an annual flowering plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. It typically grows up to 1 meter tall and produces bright yellow flowers. The seeds are small, black, and angular, with a high oil content (about 40-50% oil).
Use: niger seeds are primarily cultivated for oil extraction. The oil extracted from Niger seeds is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, making it valuable for human consumption. Niger seed oil is commonly used in cooking and as a salad dressing. The seeds are also used as bird feed, particularly for attracting finches and other small birds.
Cultivation features: niger seed is well-suited to tropical and subtropical climates. It thrives in regions with warm temperatures and moderate rainfall. In addition to commercial cultivation, Niger seed can also be grown in home gardens or small-scale farms, especially in regions with suitable climates and soil conditions.